Question 1
During the period known as the Informal Empire in Africa, Europeans
settled only the Mediterranean coast.
remained only in coastal areas.

refused to consider Africa as a colonial interest.

fought many wars for control with Arab Muslims.

0.5 points
Question 2
One would best describe the European-African interaction in the 1400s and 1500s as

mutually rewarding.
respectfully undertaken.

one-sided, with Africans benefiting most.

one-sided, with Europeans benefiting most.
0.5 points
Question 3
Askia Muhammad the Great

was a devout support of Christianity.

put only Africans practicing native beliefs in important governmental positions.
built many mosques.
supported education in the Bible.
0.5 points
Question 4
Which of the following felt the most direct impact of Arab and Swahili traders?

East Africa
Central Africa
West Africa
North Africa
0.5 points

Question 5
Surprisingly, it appears that by the end of the century, the British had

decided to do away with slavery in the British Isles.
decided to put most of its colonizing efforts into the Indian subcontinent.
developed a conscience about slavery.
been convinced by the French that they should get out of the slave business.
0.5 points
Question 6
Islam in western Africa established itself

in coexistence with pagan rites.
by legally persecuting animists.
by wars of conquest.
by imperial decree.
0.5 points
Question 7
The Great Trek took place when

British soldiers moved to the interior of Africa to meet Zulu warriors.

Zulus and Belgians clashed in Central Africa.
Dutch settlers moved northward in South Africa to escape domination by the British.
the Dutch moved northward through South Africa searching for gold.
0.5 points
Question 8
All coastal trade in East Africa was directed through

Arab Muslims
the British
0.5 points

Question 9
In his letter to the King of Portugal, Kongo King Affonso I blamed rising instability in his kingdom on

slave traders.
the Boers.
the Islamic jihad.
the actions of Christian missionaries.
0.5 points
Question 10
The coastal cities of East Africa in the

already had centuries of trading history at the time they were put under Omani rule.

were already part of Christian culture.
had never before experienced foreign contacts.
were enclaves of Arab colonists.

Question 11
In the Great Journey, Boers marched from the Cape to settle in the interior of southern Africa.
0.5 points
Question 12
In Algeria, the French subordinated the native Arabs and Berbers.
0.5 points

Question 13
Only the Nile, Niger, and Colombo rivers in Africa are navigable very far inland, and those only at certain times.
0.5 points
Question 14
The Portuguese were the first Europeans to become involved in the slave trade.
0.5 points
Question 15
The perception that Africa had little to offer the world except slaves changed dramatically when gold were discovered at Kimberly.
0.5 points
Question 16
Spanish exploration in the Caribbean was dominated by

the need for markets.
a search for resources.
the search for treasure.
the desire for land.
0.5 points

Question 17
Because it was necessary for every person in Brazil to work together for survival and success, the Portuguese colony became

class conscious.
somewhat egalitarian.
despised by Europeans in other colonies.
extremely successful.
0.5 points
Question 18
Nearly all of the early trade to and from Spanish America was channeled through the port of


0.5 points
Question 19
The fabled American “mountain of silver” was located at

Mexico City.
0.5 points
Question 20
Which of these took place under the Bourbon leadership of King Charles III in Spain?

The military and the navy were neglected.
Jesuit missionaries were banished from the empire.
The four Spanish American viceroyalties were reduced to two.
Smuggling increased.
Question 21
The slave rebellion led by Toussaint L’Ouverture

ended the French domination of Haiti.
made a lasting impression on many people on both sides of the slavery issue.
resulted in the execution of L’Ouverture.
both a and b
0.5 points
Question 22
Which of the following was true of social life in late 18th century Latin America?

Criollos spent less time on intellectual pursuits than did peninsulares.
While they read mostly religious literature, the Spaniards also obtained access to some of the Inquisition’s banned books.
Women usually preferred religious tracts to novels.
The social life of a city’s elite citizens was fast-paced, with many outings and festivals.
0.5 points
Question 23
The colonial mestizos

were not exempt from taxation and the Inquisition.
were never nomadic horsemen.
served as links between the Indian and Spanish populations.
were encouraged to attend university.
0.5 points
Question 24
When rounded up and moved into Spanish towns, local Indians

refused to the point of death converting to Christianity.
often became victims of the Inquisition.
learned to read and write and began to assimilate into the dominant society.
were treated as perpetual children, and so were taught Christianity and handcrafts.
0.5 points

Question 25
Criollos were

native-born Iberians in Latin America.
Spaniards living in Mexico.
missionaries in the outlying areas.
local justices.
0.5 points
Question 26
The encomienda gave Spanish conquerors the right to demand free labor from the natives as a reward for exploration.
0.5 points
Question 27
Brazil, a colony of Portugal began as a sugarcane .
0.5 points
Question 28
After conquering the Aztecs in 1521, Cortés began the construction of Mexico City with stone from destroyed pyramids.
0.5 points

Question 29
Toussaint L’Overture helped to defend the movement which kept Africans enslaved in Haiti.
0.5 points
Question 30
In a legal sense, both peninsulares and criollos were considered Spanish, but the peninsulares considered themselves superior.

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